Individual folders are identified in the following way: record group# -- box# -- folder#, as in R.G.1-10-32. Please use this format in citations and when referring to files for any other reason.
The Manpower Study of the Conservative Movement was a survey of personnel use in the movement's institutions. Its principal focus was on the recruitment, distribution, and role of rabbis. Columbia University economist Eli Ginzberg undertook the direction of the study at the request of Seminary chancellor Louis Finkelstein.
As the son of long-time JTS faculty member Louis Ginzberg, Eli Ginzberg brought an element of personal insight to his qualifications as a specialist in personnel management. Ginzberg was assisted by a Manpower Study Committee composed of representatives of The Jewish Theological Seminary, the Rabbinical Assembly, and the United Synagogue. Minutes of this committee are in the General Files, R.G.1N-167-40. Two research assistants, first Muriel Greenhill, and, after June 1956, Anne Goldin gathered and computed the data. From 1955 or 1956 to 1958 Greenhill and Goldin gathered data on Rabbinical School applicants and graduates, the Seminary's Teachers Institute, Rabbinical Assembly and United Synagogue membership, and rabbinical and synagogue associations of all three Jewish denominations. After tabulation of the data, Ann Goldin wrote the following seven reports:
"The Jewish Theological Seminary of America: The Rabbinical School Graduates, 1902-1956"
"Rabbinical Assembly of America"
"Rabbinical and Synagogue Associations in the United States"
1956 "Replacement Study for Rabbinical School Graduates"
"Study of Applicants for The Rabbinical School of The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1946-1957"
1958 "A Study of the Teachers Institute, 1912-1958"
1958 "The United Synagogue of America"
In 1958 Eli Ginzberg presented the results of the study at the Jewish Theological Seminary and at the annual conference of the Rabbinical Assembly's New York Metropolitan Region. His report, "Manpower for Conservative Judaism" (see the citation on the cover page of this inventory), presents his conclusions. Among these was the fact that the population from which the Seminary's rabbinical students had traditionally come - lower-income, foreign born, Orthodox - was drying up. At the same time JTS needed to replace deceased of retiring rabbis with approximately ten JTS graduates each year in order to maintain the number of active Conservative rabbis. Ginzberg suggested ways of cultivating a pool of potential rabbinical school applicants - which included making the rabbi's job more attractive to a generation that had a greater number of professional opportunities open to it. Ginzberg was also concerned about the secular education level of Conservative rabbis, particularly in relation to the generally well-educated Jewish public. As he remarked to the Rabbinical Assembly, "I would say that many of your congregants, present and potential, are better educated than you are." (Ginzberg, "Manpower for Conservative Judaism," 25). Ginzberg also noted the high dropout rate of Teachers Institute students (most of whom were women); remarked on the length of time rabbis spent in their careers; rabbis' geographical distribution, and other matters. All of this is described in more detail in Anne Goldin's reports and can be followed in the raw data she and Greenhill gathered and the maps, charts, and tables they created.
|I. Files, 1947-1958|
|1||1||Alumni, lists of|
|2||Camp Ramah (enrollment application; report on educational program, 1957|
|3||Conferences and meetings, notes on, 1958|
|4||Correspondence and memoranda, 1956-1958|
|5||Finkelstein, Louis, memoranda to, 1956-1957|
|6||Ginzberg, Eli, conferences and correspondence with, 1956-1958|
|7||Graduates, death dates|
|8-10||Printed background material|
|Rabbinical Assembly of America:|
|11||Membership committee minutes (members accepted), 1947-1948|
|12-14||Membership lists, 1948-1957|
|15||Membership, maps I-IX showing geographical distribution|
|Rabbinical School of The Jewish Theological Seminary:|
|18||Data re admissions|
|20||Denials and withdrawals, worksheets|
|Rabbinical and Synagogue Associations in the U.S., 1956:|
|26||Research materials and report|
|2||1||Resources Analysis Unit, advisory material, 1955-1956; n.d.|
|2||2||Historical and background data|
|5||Worksheets, alumni data|
|6||Worksheets, analysis of admissions, 1946-1957|
|7||Worksheets, basic data|
|United Synagogue of America:|
|2||8||Affiliated congregations, list, 1955|
|9||Data and worksheets|
|10||Forms, pamphlets, conference notes, other information|
|11||Metropolitan Council, printed material, notes|
|13||Printed background material|
|15||Research materials, report|
|16||Youth activities, notes, printed material|
|II. Index Cards|
|2||Filebox 1||Jewish Theological Seminary graduates, 1902-1957; miscellaneous cards|
|Filebox 2||Rabbinical Assembly members, including deceased, resigned, expelled|
|3||Filebox 3||Rabbinical Assembly, geographical file|
|Filebox 4||Master file of rabbis|
|Filebox 5||United Synagogue geographical file|
|Filebox 6||Fundraising files?|